Philippine ex-President Fidel Ramos dies at 94 | Obituaries News

Former Philippine President Fidel Ramos, who oversaw a uncommon interval of regular progress and peace that received him the popularity as one of many nation’s only leaders ever, has died aged 94, in accordance with officers.

Referred to as “Regular Eddie” for his unflappable manner in the course of the nation’s common moments of upheaval, he was often pictured chewing unlit cigars as he led the Philippines between 1992 and 1998.

A profession navy man, he was the primary Protestant to win the highest workplace within the overwhelmingly Catholic nation, regardless of opposition from some within the Church.

However like different high officers of his era, Ramos performed a task within the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos Sr, which noticed hundreds killed and hundreds arbitrarily imprisoned.

“It’s with nice sorrow that we be taught of the passing of former President Fidel V Ramos,” stated Trixie Cruz-Angeles, press secretary for President Ferdinand Marcos Jr, the son and namesake of the late dictator, who took workplace final month.

“He leaves behind a vibrant legacy and a safe place in historical past for his participation within the nice adjustments of our nation, each as navy officer and chief govt.”

Ramos’s household is predicted to launch an announcement afterward Sunday. The reason for loss of life has not been launched.

Former Philippine President Fidel Ramos
Former Philippine President Fidel Ramos reacts as he speaks to journalists in 2016 [File: Reuters]

Ramos emerged from the high-ranking safety position in the course of the dictatorship of Marcos Sr to win the vote for the nation’s highest workplace.

Ramos grew to become a hero to many for defecting from Marcos’s authorities, during which he led the nationwide police pressure, spurring the dictator’s downfall in the course of the 1986 common rebellion in opposition to his rule.

Others, although, wouldn’t forgive or overlook his position in imposing martial legislation underneath the Marcos regime.

Ramos narrowly received a contested election in 1992 to exchange the Individuals Energy chief Corazon Aquino who unseated Marcos.

Although he gained lower than 23 p.c of the vote, Ramos quickly polled at 66 p.c assist and his presidency was remembered for a interval of peace, stability and financial progress.

Referred to as FVR, Ramos attended the US Navy Academy at West Level and fought within the Korean Battle within the Fifties as a platoon chief. He served within the late Sixties in Vietnam as a frontrunner of the Philippine Civil Motion Group.

Ramos held each rank within the Philippine military from the second lieutenant to the commander-in-chief. He by no means misplaced that navy bearing and swagger, bragging many instances: “No delicate jobs for Ramos.”

His six-year administration opened the nation’s economic system to international investments via deregulation and liberalisation insurance policies.

Ramos broke up monopolies within the transport and communications sectors. By particular powers granted by Congress, he restored the ailing electrical energy sector, ending debilitating 12-hour energy outages that plagued the nation.

Throughout his tenure, the Philippine economic system surged and poverty charges fell to 31 p.c from 39 p.c via his Social Reform Agenda.

Ramos fought right-wing, leftist and Muslim rebels throughout his time within the navy, however later held peace talks with all “enemies of the state”, together with rogue troopers who tried almost a dozen instances to unseat Aquino throughout his tenure.

He ultimately signed a peace settlement with the Moro Nationwide Liberation Entrance separatists in 1996 and succeeded in shrinking the variety of Maoist-led fighters to greater than 5,400 rebels from a excessive of 25,000 in early 1986.

Ramos was a multitasking workaholic and athletic chief. When he was navy chief, he would play golf and jog on the similar time, working after his ball.

His early morning jog was legendary amongst his workers officers and even at 80, he would soar to re-enact what he did in the course of the revolt in 1986.

Sixteen ships loaded with grain ready to leave Ukraine’s Odesa | Russia-Ukraine war News

Ships are loaded and able to depart Odesa as Moscow and Kyiv commerce blame for an assault that killed Ukrainian prisoners of warfare.

Sixteen ships loaded with grain have been set to depart from the Ukrainian port of Odesa, as tensions aptitude up once more over a missile assault that killed dozens of Ukrainian prisoners of warfare.

The workplace of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy mentioned on Saturday the departure of the ships was imminent.

Al Jazeera’s John Hendren, reporting from Odesa, mentioned that 25 million tonnes of grains have been set to be despatched to Africa, the Center East and different elements of the world as a part of a UN-backed grain export deal signed between Moscow and Kyiv on July 22,

“They’ve bought a secure channel mapped out for these ships to depart Ukraine,” Hendren mentioned, including

Zelenskyy visited the Chernomorsk port within the Odesa area on Friday to look at crews put together to export grain.

“The primary vessel, the primary ship is being loaded for the reason that starting of the warfare,” Zelenskyy advised reporters.

Regardless of the Ukrainian chief’s hopeful phrases, no ships have but left Ukrainian ports.

“One of many points that they might be going through is that these waters are mined and other people have been injured and killed,” Hendren mentioned.

Crusing the ships “additionally requires a specific amount of belief between warring nations,” he added, which was additional undermined on Friday by an assault on a pre-trial detention centre in Olenivka, within the separatist-held area of Donetsk.

Russia accused Kyiv of hitting the jail with US-made HIMARS missile system, killing dozens of detainees, together with some whom Kyiv had thought-about warfare heroes for defending Mariupol’s Azovstal metal plant.

Ukrainian forces have denied conducting the assault and mentioned they keep away from hitting civilian infrastructure in compliance with worldwide legislation.

“It is a deliberate warfare crime on the a part of Russia, a deliberate homicide of Ukrainian prisoners of warfare,” Zelenskyy mentioned.

Hendren mentioned the most recent report indicated that fifty detainees have been killed, up from the 40 reported on Friday.

“Either side have referred to as for a world investigation to find out what induced the explosion,” Al Jazeera’s correspondent added. “One of many issues they are going to be is whether or not there was an exterior strike or whether or not it was inner – that’s what the Ukrainian aspect maintains.”

The tensions might hamper the purpose to export about 4 to 5 massive bulk carriers per day to move grain from the ports to hundreds of thousands of individuals in Africa, the Center East and Asia, who’re already going through meals shortages and, in some instances, famine.

UN businesses such because the World Meals Programme have already organized to constitution a lot of the grain for pressing humanitarian wants.

‘Point blank’: 16 year old Palestinian killed by Israelis | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Witnesses say it’s unclear whether or not Amjad Abu Alya was killed by an Israeli soldier or an armed settler.

Ramallah, occupied West Financial institution – A 16-year-old Palestinian has been shot lifeless by the Israeli military within the village of al-Mughayyer, close to the occupied West Financial institution metropolis of Ramallah, in accordance with the Palestinian well being ministry and witnesses.

The ministry recognized the youth as Amjad Nashat Abu Alya, saying he was shot with a bullet to the chest on Friday afternoon.

He was taken to a hospital in Ramallah the place he was pronounced lifeless at roughly 2pm (11:00 GMT).

The killing passed off throughout confrontations with the Israeli military and Jewish settlers that broke out following a protest by Palestinians towards settler violence within the space.

The protest started at roughly 11am (8:00 GMT) and had been known as for by a number of well-liked committees and the Palestinian Authority’s Committee towards the Wall and Settlements, which repeatedly organises protests.

Journalist Hadi Sabarneh, who was current on the scene, advised Al Jazeera that, together with the Israeli forces, a bunch of settlers had arrived on the protest, together with one armed with what gave the impression to be an M-16 rifle, which the journalist filmed.

“Each the military and the settler had been taking pictures on the protesters who had been throwing rocks. Once they each began taking pictures, the youth fell to the bottom,” Sabarneh mentioned.

Nassar Nassar, mentioned he was roughly 10 metres (30 ft) away when his cousin Amjad was killed, including that the settler who was armed was “taking pictures indiscriminately”.

“There have been confrontations, and there was lots of friction between the youth and the Israeli military and settlers,” he advised Al Jazeera.

“There was one settler who was armed, and my cousin was very near him – it was level clean.”

Nassar mentioned it was not clear whether or not the Israeli military or settler hearth had killed Amjad.

“It’s clear that there was the intention to kill as a result of the shot was above the waist,” Nassar mentioned.

The Israeli military spokesperson mentioned that it was “conscious of experiences of a Palestinian that was killed”, and that the military had responded after Palestinians burned tyres and threw stones.

The spokesperson added that the military had “labored to revive order” after “clashes erupted between Palestinians and settlers, which concerned throwing stones at each other”.

Israeli media reported {that a} settler was additionally injured.

Settlements within the occupied West Financial institution are unlawful beneath worldwide legislation, however Israeli governments have continued to permit their enlargement.

In response to his cousin, Amjad was within the tenth grade and repeatedly attended protests, significantly after his buddy, Ali Abu Alya, was killed by Israeli forces in 2020 throughout confrontations between Israeli forces and Palestinians.

“He was his closest buddy, and after his killing, Amjad was all the time on the first line of defence,” mentioned Nassar.

JetBlue agrees to buy Spirit Airlines for $3.8bn | Aviation News

The deal announcement comes after months of thorny negotiations and bidding wars.

JetBlue Airways has agreed to purchase Spirit Airways for $3.8bn and create the nation’s fifth-largest airline if the deal can win approval from antitrust regulators.

The settlement Thursday capped a months-long bidding warfare and arrives sooner or later after Spirit’s try to merge with fellow finances provider Frontier Airways fell aside.

Spirit CEO Ted Christie was thrust into the awkward place of defending a sale to JetBlue after arguing vehemently in opposition to the deal, saying that antitrust regulators would by no means let it occur.

“Quite a bit’s been stated over the previous few months clearly, all the time with our stakeholders in thoughts,” Christie stated on CNBC. “We have now been listening to the parents at JetBlue, and so they have a variety of good ideas on their plans for that.”

JetBlue CEO Robin Hayes has argued all alongside {that a} bigger JetBlue would create extra competitors for the 4 airways that management about 80 p.c of the US market — American, United, Delta and Southwest.

Shares of Spirit, primarily based in Miramar, Florida, rose 3.7 p.c after the inventory market opened Thursday morning.

JetBlue and Spirit will proceed to function independently till the settlement is accredited by regulators and Spirit shareholders, with their separate loyalty applications and buyer accounts.

The businesses stated they count on to conclude the regulatory course of and shut the transaction no later than the primary half of 2024. If that occurs, the mixed airline can be primarily based in JetBlue’s hometown of New York and led by Hayes. It will have a fleet of 458 planes.

JetBlue stated on Thursday that it might pay $33.50 per share in money for Spirit, together with a prepayment of $2.50 per share in money payable as soon as Spirit stockholders approve the transaction. There may be additionally a ticking price of 10 cents per share every month beginning in January 2023 by way of closing to compensate Spirit shareholders for any delay in successful regulatory approval.

If the deal doesn’t shut on account of antitrust causes, JetBlue can pay Spirit a reverse break-up price of $70m and pay Spirit shareholders $400m, minus any quantities paid to the shareholders previous to termination.

Spirit and Frontier introduced their plan to merge in February, and Spirit’s board stood by that deal even after JetBlue made a higher-priced provide in April. Nevertheless, Spirit’s board may by no means persuade the airline’s shareholders to go alongside. A vote on the merger was postponed 4 occasions, then reduce brief Wednesday when Spirit and Frontier introduced they have been terminating their settlement, which made a Spirit-JetBlue coupling inevitable.

JetBlue anticipated $600m to $700m in annual financial savings as soon as the transaction is full. Annual income for the mixed firm was anticipated to be about $11.9bn, primarily based on 2019 revenues.

US basketball star Brittney Griner testifies in Russian court | Courts News

Griner tells courtroom when she was arrested, the translator didn’t clarify paperwork she was requested to signal, or relay all of her responses.

US basketball participant Brittney Griner has testified in a Russian courtroom that she was not learn her rights when she was detained at a Moscow airport in February, as she stands trial for drug prices that would see her withstand 10 years in jail.

Throughout her testimony on Wednesday, the Girls’s Nationwide Basketball Affiliation (WNBA) star described making a gruelling 13-hour flight to Moscow from Arizona whereas recovering from COVID-19. Griner mentioned she nonetheless doesn’t know the way the hashish oil ended up in her bag however defined she had a health care provider’s suggestion for it and had packed it in haste.

“My rights weren’t learn to me,” Griner mentioned at Khimki District Court docket exterior Moscow, based on a translator.

“I took my cellphone out, known as household, my agent and a translator who works with the workforce.”

Brittney Griner
WNBA star and two-time Olympic gold medallist Brittney Griner mentioned she was not supplied enough translation on her arrest, when she was requested to signal paperwork in Russian [Evgenia Novozhenina/Pool via AP]

The 31-year-old, who has performed in Russia throughout the league’s offseason, was detained at Moscow’s Sheremetyevo airport on February 17 with vape cartridges containing cannabis oil in her baggage.

Sporting a long-sleeved T-shirt from her WNBA workforce, the Phoenix Mercury, Griner testified that she was stopped at customs as she was about to board a flight to Ekaterinburg, a metropolis 1,400km (870 miles) east of the Russian capital.

Griner, a two-time Olympic champion, was on her strategy to be a part of her Russian workforce, UMMC Ekaterinburg, for the playoffs.

Griner mentioned officers eliminated vape cartridges from her baggage, and opened and sniffed their contents. She mentioned she was requested to signal paperwork and used Google Translate to know them.

The case towards Griner has highlighted strained relations between Russia and america which have plunged to a brand new post-Chilly Conflict low over the Russian army intervention in Ukraine.

US officers and distinguished athletes have mentioned Griner has been wrongly detained and have known as for her quick launch, saying she is getting used as a political pawn to safe the discharge of a Russian detained within the US or different concessions from Washington.

The Kremlin has mentioned the case towards Griner has nothing to do with politics and that she needs to be tried for violating Russian legal guidelines.

Seated within the defendant’s cage on Wednesday, Griner mentioned she was supplied with a translator on the airport however he solely mentioned “signal this, signal that” with out explaining the content material of the paperwork.

Griner pleaded responsible earlier within the trial however denied she supposed to interrupt Russian legislation.

Griner’s trial began July 1, and Wednesday was her first look as a witness. The courtroom exterior Moscow held 5 earlier classes that have been brief, some lasting solely about an hour.

Brittney Griner
If convicted of the drug prices Brittney Griner might obtain a sentence of 10 years in jail [Alexander Zemlianichenko/Pool via AP]

It’s unclear how lengthy the trial will final, however a courtroom has authorised Griner’s detention till December 20.

Throughout Tuesday’s courtroom session of about 90 minutes, a Russian neuropsychologist testified in regards to the worldwide use of medicinal hashish. Griner’s defence workforce has submitted a US physician’s letter recommending the basketball participant use medical hashish to deal with ache.

Griner testified Wednesday that she was affected by ache from accidents sustained throughout her basketball profession. She emphasised that hashish oil is broadly used within the US for medicinal functions and has fewer adverse results than another painkillers

A Russian international ministry spokesperson mentioned final week that the legalisation of hashish for medical and leisure use in elements of the US had no bearing on what occurs in Russia.

Uganda’s Museveni extols Africa-Russia ties during Lavrov visit | Russia-Ukraine war News

Uganda was amongst 17 African states that abstained in a March vote on a UN decision condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has stated he noticed no motive to criticise Moscow over the invasion of Ukraine, extolling Russian-African friendship through the go to of Russian overseas minister Sergey Lavrov.

Talking alongside Lavrov, who’s on a four-nation African tour looking for assist for Moscow at a time of confrontation with Western powers, Museveni praised Russia as a companion within the wrestle towards colonialism going again a century.

“If Russia makes errors, then we inform them,” Museveni stated, citing his participation in scholar demonstrations towards the crushing of the Prague Spring by the Soviet Union in 1968.

“However after they haven’t made a mistake, we can’t be towards them,” he stated.

Many African nations, which import Russian grain and vitality whereas additionally shopping for Ukrainian grain and benefitting from Western help flows and commerce ties, have averted taking sides over the conflict in Ukraine.

Uganda was amongst 17 African nations that abstained in a March vote on a United Nations decision condemning the Russian invasion, which was supported by 141 nations out of 193.

Lavrov praised what he described as “the accountable and balanced place taken by Uganda and different African states”, accusing the West of displaying a colonial mindset by demanding that Africa undertake an anti-Russian stance.

This chimed with Museveni’s remarks, through which he drew closely on historic occasions to clarify his desire for staying on good phrases with each Russia and the West.

“At any time when points come up and a few folks need us to take positions towards Russia, we are saying, ‘However you folks, these folks have been with us for the final 100 years, how can we be robotically towards them?’” Museveni stated.

“We now have even forgiven our former enemies, the colonialists, those who’ve colonised us, those who had truly taken slaves from right here and who did dangerous issues. We now have forgiven them and we’re working them,” he stated.

Paying homage to the Chilly Battle, Museveni, who has been in energy for 36 years, stated that when requested if he was pro-West or pro-East, he rejected the query as idiotic.

“I’m pro-myself. And I take care of different folks in response to how they relate with my very own curiosity,” he stated.

Lavrov has already visited Egypt and the Republic of Congo. From Uganda, he’ll head to Ethiopia, which has lengthy been a stalwart ally of the West however has lately clashed with the US over its conduct of a battle in its northern area of Tigray.

Pope apologises for ‘evil’ of Canada’s residential schools | Indigenous Rights News

Warning: The story beneath accommodates particulars of residential faculties which may be upsetting. Canada’s Indian Residential College Survivors and Household Disaster Line is offered 24 hours a day at 1-866-925-4419.

Canada – Pope Francis has apologised to Indigenous folks in Canada for the Catholic Church’s function in abuses they suffered at residential faculties, the forced-assimilation establishments that First Nation, Inuit and Metis youngsters have been compelled to attend for many years.

After a go to on Monday to the previous website of Ermineskin Residential College in Maskwacis, within the western province of Alberta, the pope stated he travelled to Canada “to let you know in particular person of my sorrow [and] to implore God’s forgiveness, therapeutic and reconciliation”.

“I’m right here as a result of step one of my penitential pilgrimage amongst you is that of once more asking forgiveness, of telling you as soon as extra that I’m deeply sorry,” Pope Francis stated throughout a ceremony in Maskwacis, describing the consequences of residential faculties as “catastrophic”.

“What our Christian religion tells us is that this was a disastrous error incompatible with the gospel of Jesus Christ,” he stated. “I humbly beg forgiveness for the evil dedicated by so many Christians in opposition to the Indigenous peoples.”

Ermineskin, which operated from 1895 to 1975 and was run by the Catholic Church, was one in all Canada’s largest residential faculties. The establishments have been arrange by the federal government and run by varied church buildings to forcibly assimilate Indigenous youngsters into mainstream European tradition.

Greater than 150,000 First Nation, Metis and Inuit youngsters have been separated from their households and compelled into residential faculties between the late 1800s and Nineties. They have been subjected to widespread bodily, psychological and sexual abuse and banned from talking Indigenous languages, and hundreds of youngsters are believed to have died whereas in attendance.

Pope Francis at cemetery in Maskwacis, Alberta
Pope Francis attends a silent prayer on the cemetery in Maskwacis, Alberta [Guglielmo Mangiapane/Reuters]

The system amounted to “cultural genocide”, a federal fee of inquiry, the Reality and Reconciliation Fee of Canada (TRC), stated in 2015.

“You have got travelled an extended method to be with us on our land and to stroll with us on the trail of reconciliation,” Dr Wilton Littlechild, a survivor of Ermineskin Residential College who has lengthy advocated for a papal apology, instructed Pope Francis throughout Monday’s ceremony, simply earlier than the apology.

“For this, we honour you and lengthen to you our most heartfelt welcome.”

The pope’s six-day go to to Canada this week comes after a whole lot of unmarked graves have been not too long ago uncovered at a number of former residential faculty websites, spurring renewed requires accountability from the federal government and the Catholic Church, particularly.

For many years, Indigenous survivors known as on the pope to apologise for the church’s function within the abuses that occurred at residential faculties, and an apology was one of many TRC’s 94 Calls to Motion in 2015 (PDF).

Chatting with an Indigenous delegation that travelled to Rome earlier this 12 months, Pope Francis in April apologised for the “deplorable conduct” of members of the Catholic Church.

However some group leaders stated the pope wanted to ship his apology on Indigenous lands.

Pope Francis’s go to and anticipated apology has drawn numerous reactions from Indigenous leaders and residential faculty survivors, with some welcoming it as an necessary step on the trail to therapeutic, and others saying it’s too little, too late.

Some additionally argue that the Catholic Church must do rather more to atone for its function in residential faculties, together with releasing all of the paperwork associated to the establishments, offering full reparations to survivors and communities, and serving to deliver the perpetrators of abuse to justice.

“Understanding that survivors will every have their very own imaginative and prescient of reconciliation, for a lot of, something lower than an apology that features an unqualified admission of the crimes dedicated, a full acceptance of duty, and a dedication to finish the abuse and make full reparations shall be simply one other empty apology and persevering with injustice for First Nations, Inuit and Metis,” Pamela Palmater, professor and chair of Indigenous governance at Toronto Metropolitan College, wrote within the Toronto Star newspaper on Sunday.

“I’m a survivor myself. It’s not simple for somebody like myself to just accept an apology when it’s not particular sufficient,” Byron Joseph, chair of the board of administrators of the Indian Residential College Survivors Society, additionally stated in an announcement this month. “We’d like motion and we’d like continued help for ongoing therapeutic.”

A map of former residential schools in Canada

As his flight left Rome for Edmonton on Sunday, Pope Francis stated his journey was one in all “penance”.

He’s anticipated to fulfill with Indigenous folks at Sacred Coronary heart Church in Edmonton on Monday afternoon, and he’ll maintain mass at Commonwealth Stadium on Tuesday earlier than travelling to a preferred pilgrimage website in Lac St Anne, Alberta, later that day.

On Wednesday, he’ll journey to Quebec Metropolis, the place he’ll meet Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Governor Basic Mary Simon, and maintain mass at one of many oldest cathedrals in North America on Thursday.

His journey to Canada will finish in Iqaluit, within the northern territory of Nunavut, on Friday.

Mediterranean ships recover 5 bodies, rescue over 1,100 refugees | Refugees News

There was a sequence of rescues in latest days within the central Mediterranean, the Italian coast guard says, as determined individuals search a greater life in Europe.

Italian vessels have recovered 5 our bodies and rescued 674 individuals packed on a fishing boat adrift within the Mediterranean off the Libyan coast, the Italian Coast Guard has stated, whereas European charities reported saving greater than 500 refugees in different operations.

A number of the survivors needed to be plucked from the ocean within the Italian operation on Saturday 118 miles (190km) off the coast of Calabria by a Navy mercantile ship, three Coast Guard patrol boats and a monetary police boat. All of these rescued have been dropped at ports in Calabria and Sicily.

The causes of dying for the 5 casualties weren’t instantly recognized.

The Coast Guard stated on Sunday it was only one in a sequence of rescues in latest days within the Italian search and rescue space of the central Mediterranean, as determined individuals fleeing poverty or oppression search a greater life in Europe.

In a single case, a helicopter was known as to evacuate a lady in want of medical therapy from a migrant boat in a precarious situation, the Coast Guard stated.

In separate operations, the German charity Sea-Watch stated it rescued 444 refugees attempting to cross the Mediterranean on overcrowded, rickety smugglers’ boats. The Sea-Watch 3 vessel carried out the 5 operations over 24 hours, and stated the rescued included a pregnant lady and a person who had suffered extreme burns.

The charity is asking for permission to deliver the rescued individuals to a secure port, because the rescue ship is unable to accommodate so many individuals.

The German charity Sea-Watch 3 with 444 people on board in the central Mediterranean
The German charity Sea-Watch 3 is seen with 444 individuals on board within the central Mediterranean [Nora Boerding/Sea-Watch via AP Photo]

Hannah Wallace Bowman, head of mission and search and rescue coordinator at Sea-Watch, instructed Al Jazeera that the group constantly experiences “a scarcity of coordination and help on the European degree for these searching for security” within the central Mediterranean.

“We shall be interesting on to the closest port of security, for us that will be Malta and Italy, so that we are able to disembark the individuals as quickly as doable,” Wallace Bowman stated.

“We’re type of like a floating ambulance – we are able to present an emergency response, we are able to stabilise individuals for a brief time frame, however that is solely a really short-term resolution.”

As well as, the European charity SOS Mediterranee stated its rescue ship Ocean Viking has saved 87 individuals, together with 57 unaccompanied minors, from an overcrowded rubber boat off the Libyan coast. None had life jackets, the charity stated.

Refugee arrivals in Italy are up by almost one quarter from 2021, with 34,013 recorded by way of Friday.

Whereas nonetheless notably fewer than the 2015 peak yr, the crossings stay lethal, with 1,234 individuals recorded useless or lacking at sea by the United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Refugees this yr, 823 of these within the perilous central Mediterranean.

Will Tunisia’s constitutional referendum lead to turmoil? | Politics

From: Inside Story

Rivals worry president’s plan to ‘right the course of the revolution’ will dismantle democracy.

Protesters in Tunisia say Monday’s referendum on constitutional reforms is prohibited.

The proposed adjustments would sideline parliament and take away most checks on the president’s energy.

Opposition teams say it’s a return to autocracy.

If accepted, the brand new structure would finish the hybrid presidential-parliamentary system blamed for the political infighting that paralysed Tunisia’s post-revolution governments.

What sort of political system does the brand new structure suggest?

Presenter: Bernard Smith


Amine Snoussi – Political analyst and journalist

Mohamed-Dhia Hammami – Researcher at Syracuse Univesity’s Maxwell College

Zaid al-Ali – Founding father of the Arab Affiliation of Constitutional Legislation

Cuba Assembly opens door to gay marriage, other family rights | LGBTQ News

The brand new household code to be voted on in September would legalize same-sex marriage and permit same-sex {couples} to undertake.

Cuba’s Nationwide Meeting on Friday accepted a sweeping replace of its household regulation which opens the door to permitting homosexual marriage, larger girls’s rights, and elevated protections for kids, the aged and different members of the family.

The brand new Households Code might be put to a referendum vote on September 25 after being debated in group conferences earlier this 12 months, the place organisers mentioned 62 p.c of individuals expressed their assist.

That’s comparatively low by Cuban requirements, the place the not too long ago handed new structure was accepted with 86 p.c of the vote. Coverage proposals in earlier referendums have seen assist of round 95 p.c.

The code promoted “love, affection, care, sensitivity, respect for others and the concord of our households,” Minister of Justice Oscar Manuel Silvera mentioned, presenting the code for the vote on the Nationwide Meeting.

Opponents to the rule change embrace many church buildings.

“What has been taking place is gloomy as a result of it will carry confrontation,” mentioned Methodist pastor Henry Nurse.

“It goes in opposition to what has been taught for a lot of generations of years all through the world in regards to the true conventional marriage that’s between a person and a girl,” he mentioned.

The brand new code would legalise same-sex marriage and civil unions, enable same-sex {couples} to undertake kids, and promote equal sharing of home duties. It’ll additionally enable prenuptial agreements and surrogate pregnancies, although not for revenue.

Dad and mom would have “accountability” as an alternative of “custody” of kids, and be required to be “respectful of the dignity and bodily and psychological integrity of kids and adolescents”.

Cuba is already a regional front-runner in girls’s rights. Girls head up practically 50 p.c of households and make up 60 p.c of pros, have free entry to abortion, and might declare as much as two years’ maternity go away.

A Havana couple who’ve lived collectively for a few years however had been by no means in a position to have kids, Rita Acosta Cruz and Gabriela Alfonso, mentioned it was their human proper to marry and undertake kids.

“The chance it provides us is that of marriage. The very fact of having the ability to choose collectively for sure issues and sure authorized procedures that we want as a pair and never as unbiased folks,” Alfonso mentioned.

Acosta mentioned it met their expectations as a household.

“We’re a wedding. We’ve the plans collectively, the financial system collectively. It isn’t truthful that this chance doesn’t exist,” she mentioned.